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128. Satthi Mutram

சத்தி  முற்றம் 

Location: Satthi Mutram near Darasuram, Kumbhakonam
(Chola Naadu-South of Kaveri)
Shiva: Sivakkozhuntheesar .
Ambal: Periyanayaki .
Theertham: Satthi Mutra Vaavi
Travel Base: Thanjavur
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Description:   This Shivastalam is situated almost next door to Patteeswaram (Pazhayarai), one time capital of the Cholas. Darasuram, a vertable art gallery of Chola architecture and sculpture is situated close by.   Satthi Mutrattu Pulavar of 'Naarai Naarai' (popularized in Tamil Text books all over the state) hailed from this town. The entire Pazhaiyaarai region abounds in remains of ancient temples. Mention must be made of the nearby Pazhaiyaarai Vadatali, the Somanathar temple and the vast Patteeswaram temples nearby. Sakthimutham is considered to be the 22nd in the series of Tevara Stalams in the Chola kingdom located south of the river Kaveri. 

Legends: Legend has it that Shiva appeared as a huge column of light (Jyotiswaroopam) in front of Parvati, who had meditated upon him here, and that she embraced him; hence the name Sivakkozhundeeswarar and Sakthi Mutham. The image above is that of the Stalapuranam at Kanchipuram.

TheTemple: This temple with 2 prakarams occupies an area of under an acre. A majestic Rajagopuram crowns its entrance, although the glorious days of the temple are now mere history. . An image of Shiva and Parvati in embrace  associated with the legend, is enshrined in the temple.. The Natarajar shrine and the Sarabeswarar shrine are of importance here.

Appar is said to have prayed to surrender at the feet of Shiva; his prayer is believed to have been granted at Tirunallur nearby. The unusual practice of placing a chatari containing an image of the feet of the deity, on the heads of devotees (a Vaishnavite tradition) is carried out at Tirunallur, commemorating Appar's surrender at the feet of Shiva.

This temple was reconstructed in stone during the period of Sembiyan Mahadevi and the early years of Raja Raja Chola I (1000 CE). Inscriptions from the period of Rajadiraja Chola II (1166-1182 CE), Kulottunga Chola III, and the Vijayanagar Emperors are seen here.

Festivals: Four worship services are offered each day. The annual Bhrammotsavam falls in the month of Chittirai. Other festivals here are Navaratri and Rathasaptami. 

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