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83. Tirukkarkudi (Uyyakkondan Malai)


Location: Ttiruchirappalli near Tiruchirappalli.
(Chola-South of Kaveri)
Shiva: Uchinathar, Ujjeevaneswarar
Ambal: Anjanakshi
Patikam : Sambandar, Appar, Sundarar
Travel Base: Tiruchirappalli
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Description: This Shivastalam is located near Tiruchirappalli. The image shown above is that of the Rockfort temple at Tiruchirappalli. The formidable fortress, that this temple is, caused it to be the seat of Anglo French disputes for control.  Uyyakkondaanmalai is considered to be the 4th in the series of Tevara Stalams in the Chola kingdom located south of the river Kaveri.

Legends: The Tiruchirappalli hill temple was worshipped by Tirisiran, the Tiruverumbur temple by Dhooshanan and this temple by Karan, all three being characters from the Ramayanam.

History: This temple is a formidable fortress, by virtue of the layers of .  strong walls surrounding it  The Anglo French wars extended even into the domain of this temple. Cannon ball marks are seen on the walls. During the Carnatic Wars, the British attempted to blow up this fortress, however their attempts failed.  This temple was built by Nandivarma Pallavan, and was later on renovated by the Cholas and the Pandyas, as testified by the inscriptions here. Inscriptions from Parantaka Chola I's period, as well as the Tevaram hymns and the Periyapuranam refer to this shrine as Karkudi.

The Temple: A hill temple with five Prakarams, with cicrular walls and a six feet thick surrounding walls. There are two sanctums for Anjanakshi Amman here, one facing the East and the other, West.

Shiva's sanctum faces West, and Ardhanareeswarar occupies the Eastern niche, while Durga and Bhramma occupy niches in the Northern wall of the sanctum.

This temple is under the able administration of the Dharumapuram Aadheenam

Festivals: The annual Bhrammotsavam is celebrated in the month of Pankuni.

(Templenet acknowledges the contribution of the image above by C. Vedanarayanan - London).

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