Chalukyas were exponents of early architectural achievements in Deccan. Aihole, Badami and
Pattadakal were their centers of art. They were succeeded by the Rashtrakutas
and the Kalyani Chalukyas.
art style marked by ornate columns originated during the period of the Kalyani
Chalukya king Someswara I, and it flourished for a period of 150 years (1050 to
1200 CE) during which about 50 temples were built.
Shiva temple at Gadag at a distance of 75 km from Dharwar boasts of
ornate pillars with intricate sculpture. The sanctum enshrines three Shivalingams.
The temple has beautifully chiseled stone screens and carved figurines.
There is a shrine to Saraswati
within the Trikuteshwara temple complex, with exquite stone columns.
Other temples in Gadag
are those dedicated to Someshwara and Veera Narayana.
located at a distance of 13 km from Gadag has several temples in the Kalyani Chalukyan
Visweswara temple has shrines to Shiva and Surya. It is an exquisitely decorated
temple with chiseled stone screens and intricate carvings. Surya is portrated as Suryanarayana
on a throne, with the seven horses of the sun God engraved on it.
There is also a Jain
temple dedicated to Mahavira at Lakkundi.
is located at a distance of 20 km south east of Gadag, past Lakkundi.
The Doddabasappa temple here dedicated to Shiva is
beautifully concieved and built on a polygonal stellar shape. It is full of intricately
carved pillars. The door steps of this temple are beautifully decorated. There is also a
Taradevi temple in the Buddhist idiom at Dambala.
is located 20 km west of Gadag enroute to Hubli. It houses a Kalyani Chalukyan
temple to Amriteswara - Shiva. This temple is built of black stone.
Seventy six columns support the temple filled with sculpture. Many other temples are also
seen at Annigeri.
Raichur district, to the east of Dharwar district is home to the Mahadeva
temple dating back to the Kalyani Chalukyan king Vikramaditya (1076 -
1127 CE). It is considered to be the best specimen of Kalyani Chalukyan art. As with
temples built in this idiom it has as many as 68 decorated pillars, an ornate tower and a
doorway of great workmanship.
located at a distance of 7 km from Itgi (above) and 40 km from Hospet (the nearest
railhead for Hampi), bears temples from the Chalukyan and the earlier Rashtrakoota
periods. The Mallikarjuna and the Kalleswara
temples here are from the Chalukyan period while the Navalinga temples
with nine sancta each enshrining a Shivalingam is from the Rashtrakoota period. There is also
a temple to Mahamaya - a tantric goddess at Kuknur.
is located south east of Hubli and is home to the Someshwara temple which is dated back to
the 11th - 12th centuries.
is located at a distance of 60km from Hubli. The town dates back to the period of the
Rashtrakootas. (Amoghavarsha I - mid ninth century CE). The Siddheshwara
and Ranganatha Nagareshwara are the temples of interest here, the latter
has intricately carved ceilings and a set of 60 carved gray stone pillars.
is located at the southern end of the Dharwar area near Shimoga. It has Kalayani
Chalukya temples dedicated to Janardana, Durga and Totada Veeranna.