Alampur near Kurnool is home to the very ancient Navabhramma
temples dating back to the 7th century CE. Alampur is located at a distance of 200 km from
Hyderabad. Alampur is considered to be the western gateway of Sree
Sailam, the revered Jyotirlinga Shivastalam in Andhra Pradesh. The southern, eastern,
and northern gateways are Siddhavattam, Tripurantakam and
The Tungabhadra and Krishna
are in confluence near Alampur, which is also known as Dakshina Kailasam
(as is Sree Kalahasti in Southern Andhra Pradesh). Nine
temples here referred to as the Nava Bhramma temples are dedicated to Shiva.
The Nava Bhramma temples were built by the
Badami Chalukyas, who ruled for about 200 years from the middle of the sixth
century onwards. The Badami Chalukyas built several temples in Karnataka, and the Alampur
temples in Andhra Pradesh.The Alampur site preserves archeological remains in the form of
temples exhibiting a hybrid style of architecture - dating back to the 6th-7th centuries
CE. Some of the images from this site are also housed in a museum nearby.
The Nava Bhramma temples are Taraka Bhramma,
Swarga Bhramma, Padma Bhramma, Bala Bhramma, Garuda Bhramma, Kumara Bhramma, Arka Bhramma,
Vira Bhramma and the Vishwa Bhramma. These temples are all
enclosed in a courtyard on the left bank of the river Tungabhadra.
The Bala Bhramma temple is the principal shrine of
worship. It dates back to the year 702 CE - per the inscriptions seen here. Shivaratri is
celebrated in great splendour here.
The Taraka Bhramma temple is partly in ruins, and it
has no image in the sanctum. It bears telugu inscriptions from the 6th-7th century CE. The
Swarga Bhramma temple with an imposing tower is considered to be among the
finest in Alampur, and is an excellent specimen of Chalukyan architecture and sculpture.
It contains several sculptures in bas relief, and it dates back to the end of the 8th
The Padma Bhramma temple partly in ruins, contains a
Shivalingam of clear stone with mirror like finish. The Viswa Bhramma temple is among the
most artistic of the Nava Bhramma temples. The sculptural work here depicts scenes from
Also in the enclosed courtyard is located the Suryanarayana
temple, dating back to the 9th century. This temple has bas reliefs representing the
incarnations of Vishnu. There is also a Narasimha temple with inscriptions from the
period of Krishna Deva Raya of the Vijayanagar Empire.
Near Alampur, is Papanasam with a cluster of
over 20 temples of varying sizes and styles. The most important of these is the
The Ten Incarnations of Vishnu
Sun Temples in India