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The Templenet Encyclopedia - Temples of Orissa

The Orissa Temple List

About the Temples of Orissa




About the Temples of Orissa

Much needs to be said about the temples of Orissa. The Golden triangle of Orissa comprising Bhubaneswar, Puri and Konark attracts tourists from around the world. There are hundreds of lesser known temples in Orissa. The city of Bhubaneswar abounds in temples built over a range of several centuries.

The temples of Orissa exhibit a majestic grandeur. An Orissan temple (deul) usually consists of a sanctum, one or several front porches (jagamohana) usually with pyramidal roofs, a dancing hall (nata mandir) and a hall of offerings (bhog mandir). The Lingaraj temple at Bhubaneswar boasts of a 150 foot high deul while the Janannath Temple at Puri is about 200 feet high and it dominates the skyline of the town. Only a portion of the Sun Temple at Konark, the largest of the temples of the Golden triangle exists today, and it is still staggering in size. It stands out as a masterpiece in Orissan architecture.

Orissa's history dates back to the days of the Mahabharata. It was under the rule of the Nanda Kings in the pre Christian era and then under the Mauryan rule. Rock edicts of Emperor Ashoka are found in the State. The impact of the invasion of the Guptas is seen in the early temples of Bhubaneswar. The Matharas ruled Orissa from the later half of the 4th century AD. The Sailodbhavas who followed constucted several shrines the ruins of which can be seen today. (600-750 AD).

The period of the Bhaumakaras and Somavamsis (8tth to 11th centuries AD) played a major role in the cultural life of the State. Saivism dominated the religious scene although Budhist, Jain and Vaishnavite monuments also came into being. The Gangas took over after the decline of the Somavamsis. The early Eastern Gangas ruled from Kalinganagara (Mukhalingam near Srikakulam Andhrapradesh). They shifted their capital to Cuttack in the 12th century. Saivism began to decline while Saktism flourished. Further, the religious leader Ramanujacharya had a great influence on the monarch Chodagangadeva who built the great temple at Puri. The Gangas were champions of Vaishnavism. It was during the Ganga rule that Orissan architecture reached its peak. Narasimhadeva of this dynasty built the Sun Temple at Konark.

The Gangas were succeeded by the Suryavamsi Gajapati rulers, under whom Vaishnavism in the form of Jagannatha worship reached new heights. This period was marked by the influence of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and by the construction of Jagannatha temples across the length and breadth of the empire. After the decline of the Gajapatis, the kingdom began to disintegrate and was taken over by followed by Muslim rule, the rule of the Mughals, the Mahrattas and then the British. The Bhoi Gajapatis who ruled Orissa over a small territory caused several Jagannatha temples to come up.

The following list is a pointer to the numerous Temples of Orissa.

Temple List

  1. Akhandaleswara Temple (11th century) at Prataprudrapur (Kenduli) near Konarak

  2. Amareshwara Temple at Amareshwar near Konarak

  3. Ananta Vasudeva Temple at Bhubaneswar

  4. Angeshwara Temple at Pitapara near Niali

  5. Ashta Sambhu Temple ruins (12th cent) at Chaudar near Cuttack

  6. Bakeshwara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  7. Bhagawati Temple at Banapur near Bhubaneswar

  8. Bhagawati Temple at Parahat near Jagatsinghapur

  9. Bhagawati Temple at Vateshwar near Salepur

  10. Bhaskareswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  11. Bhavani Shankara Temple (near the Sari Deul) at Bhubaneshwar

  12. Bhimeswara Temple at Daraba near Jagatsinghapur

  13. Bhrameswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  14. Bhramheswara Temple at Beraboi near Delang

  15. Bhringeswara Mahadeva Temple (8th century) at Bajrakot near Talcher

  16. Biranchi Narayana Temple at Palia near Bhadrak

  17. Buddhanatha Shiva Temple at Garudipanchana near Bhubaneshwar

  18. Champeswara Temple at Champeswar near Narsinghpur (Cuttack)

  19. Chandeswara Temple at Chandeswar near Tangi (Puri)

  20. Chandi Temple at Sochanpurochana near Nilgiri (Baleshwar)

  21. Chandrasekhara Temple at Khiching near Panchpir (Mayurbhanj)

  22. Chandrasekhara Temple at Kapilas Hill near Kapilas

  23. Charchika Temple at Amareshwar near Konarak

  24. Chateswara Temple at Kishenpur near Cuttack

  25. Chitkarini Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  26. Dakra Bhimeswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  27. Daksheswara Temple at Banapur

  28. Durga Temple at Motia near Konarak

  29. Ekambareswara Temple (within the Lingaraja compound) at Bhubaneshwar

  30. Gangeshwari Temple at Beyalisbati near Konarak

  31. Garteswara Temple at Algum near Sakshigopal (Puri)

  32. Gauri Shankara Ganesha Temple (8th century) at Bhubaneshwar

  33. Gokarneswara Temple at Jamu-Goradi - Adasapur near Bhubaneshwar (37km)

  34. Gopinath Temple at Nuasomeswarpur near Sakshigopal

  35. Gopinatha Temple at Kakudia near Bhubaneshwar

  36. Grameswara Temple at Lataharana near Kakatpur (Puri)

  37. Grameswara Temple at Birpratappur near Sakshigopal

  38. Grameswara Temple (13th cent ruins) at Berhumpur near Jagatsinghapur

  39. Grameswara Temple (ruins) at Adasapur (Prachi valley ) near Bhubaneshwar (37 km)

  40. Indralath (Vishnu) Temple (10th cent) at Ranipur - Jharial near Titlagarh

  41. Indrasthana Temple at Amaravati near Cuttack*

  42. Jaganatha Temple at Palur near Rambha

  43. Jagannath Temple at Puri

  44. Jaleswara Temple at Kalarahanga near Bhubaneshwar

  45. Kakharua Baidyanatha Temple at Mantri near Badasahi (Mayurbhanj)

  46. Kanakeswara Temple (8th-9th cent) at Kualo (Kodalaka) near Talcher

  47. Kapileshwara Temple at Adasapur - Kapila Muni Ashram near Bhubaneshwar (37 km)

  48. Kapileswara Temple at Charda near Binka (Balangir)

  49. Kapileswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  50. Kedareswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  51. Kenduli Temple ruins at Kenduli near Konarak

  52. Khileswara Temple (12th century) at Khilor near Pipli (Puri)

  53. Kinchakeswari Temple at Khiching near Panchpir (Mayurbhanj)

  54. Konark Sun Temple at Konark

  55. Kosaleswara Temple at Anandapur (Degaon)

  56. Kosaleswara Temple at Baidyanath near Solangir

  57. Kosaleswara Temple (9th cent) at Patnagarh near Sonepur

  58. Kotitheertheswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  59. Kutopokhari Temple at Remuna near Balasore

  60. Lakshmaneshwara Temple ruins at Bhubaneshwar

  61. Lakshmi Narasimha Temple at Amareshwar near Konarak

  62. Lakshmi Narasimha Temple at Nuapatna near Bhubaneshwar (37km)

  63. Lakshmi Narayana Temple at Chaurasi near Konarak

  64. Lingaraj Temple at Bhubaneswar

  65. Madhavananda Temple at Adasapur (Prachi valley ) near Bhubaneshwar (37 km)

  66. Madhavananda Temple at Madhava near Niali

  67. Mahavinayaka Temple at Chandikhol

  68. Mahendragiri Temples at Mahendragiri (South Ganjam)

  69. Mahisasura Mardini Temple at Adasapur (Prachi valley ) near Bhubaneshwar (37 km)

  70. Makareshwara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  71. Mallikeswara Temple at Paikapada near Rayagarha (Koraput)

  72. Mallikeswara Temple at Padmapur near Gunupur (Koraput)

  73. Mangala Temple at Kakatpur near Konarak

  74. Manikeswara Temple at Sukleshwara near Talcher

  75. Maninageswara Temple at Baleshwar

  76. Markandeswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  77. Megheswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  78. Mitreswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  79. Mohini Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  80. Mukteswara Temple at Bhubaneswar

  81. Narasimha Temple at Puri

  82. Narasimhanatha Temple at Nrusingnath near Padmapur (Sambalpur)

  83. Nilakanteshwara Shiva Temple at Adasapur (Prachi valley ) near Bhubaneshwar (37 km)

  84. Nilamadhava Temple at Mudgala Madhava near Konarak

  85. Nilamadhava Temple at Chahata near Konarak

  86. Nilamahadeva Temple at Gandharadi near Bauda (Phulabani)

  87. Padmeswara Temple at Baneswarnasi near Narasinghpur (Cuttack)

  88. Panchapandava (Vishnu) Temple (10th century) at Ganeshwarpur near Chhatia (Cuttack)

  89. Papanasini Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  90. Parasurameswara Temple at Bhubaneswar

  91. Parvati Temple (Lingaraj Temple) at Bhubaneswar

  92. Paschimeswara Temple at Amangai Island near Khanderpur (Athgarh - Cuttack)

  93. Pataleswara Temple at Paikapada near Rayagarha (Koraput)

  94. Pataleswara Temple (10th cent) at Budhikomna near Khariar (Raipur) Kalahandi

  95. Purneswara Temple at Bhillideuli near Nimapara (Puri)

  96. Rajarani Temple at Bhubaneswar

  97. Rameswara Temple at Bauda near Phulabani

  98. Rasikaraya Temple ruins at Haripur (Mayurbhanj) near Haripur (Mayubhanj)

  99. Samaleswari Temple at Sonapur

  100. Sari Deul Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  101. Shiva Temple at Badagaon near Bhanjanagar

  102. Siddheswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  103. Siddheswara Temple at Gandharadi near Bauda (Phulabani)

  104. Simhanatha Temple at Simhanatha Island near Baideswar (Cuttack)

  105. Sisireswara Temple at Bhubaneswar

  106. Sisireswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  107. Sobhaneshwara Temple at Niali

  108. Somanatha Temple at Ghorodia near Delang (Puri)

  109. Somanatha Temple at Budhapada near Bhubaneshwar

  110. Someswara Shiva Temple at Ranipur Jharial near Titlagarh

  111. Someswara Temple at Someswara near Kakatpur (Puri)

  112. Suvarnameru Temple at Sonapur

  113. Swapneswara Temple at Adasapur (Prachi valley ) near Bhubaneshwar (37 km)

  114. Taleswara Temple (near Parasurameswara) at Bhubaneshwar

  115. Tarakeshwara Temple at Ganeshwarpur near Cuttack

  116. Trilochaneshwara Temple at Sadansa near Niali

  117. Uttareswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  118. Vaital Deul at Bhubaneswar

  119. Valukeswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  120. Vanivakreswara Temple at Kalupada near Puri (Delang)

  121. Varaha Narasimha Temple at Adasapur (Prachi valley ) near Bhubaneshwar (37 km)

  122. Varuneswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

  123. Vishwanatha Temple at Krishna Prasadgarh near Amareshwar

  124. Yameshwara Temple at Bhubaneshwar

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